Glossary


A.B.C.
– American Board for Certification in Orthotics, Prosthetics, and Pedorthics, Inc.
Anopia
– The absence of an eye.
Anophthalmia
– Congenital absence of the eyes.
Anterior
– Front surface.
Anterior Chamber
– The fluid-filled space inside the eye between the iris and the cornea’s innermost surface.
Artificial Eye
– An ocular prosthesis made of acrylic plastic.
A.S.O.
– American Society of Ocularist.
B.C.O.
– Board Certified Ocularist.
Canthus
– The corner on each side of the eye formed by the junction of the upper and lower eyelids.
Collarette
– A color ring around the pupil.
Conformer
– An acrylic plastic shell used to help form the eye socket and support the eyelids after surgery.
Conjunctiva
– The mucous membrane that covers the implant and the inner surface of the eyelids.
Cornea
– The transparent covering of the eyeball that is continuous with the sclera.
Cul-de-sacs
– Tissue pockets within the eye socket cavity.
Edema
– Swelling.
Enucleation
– Surgical removal of the entire eyeball. Replaced by an orbital implant and fit with an artificial eye.
Evisceration
– Surgical removal of the iris and cornea. Replaced by an orbital implant and fit with a scleral shell.
Extraocular Muscles
– The six muscles connected to the eyeball that control eye movement.
Flashes
– Commonly reported as streaks of light, when the retina tears, sometimes leding to retina detachment.
Floaters
– Commonly reported as spots floating in front of the eyes, when the retina tears, sometimes leding to retina detachment.
Glaucoma
– Group of diseases characterized by intra-ocular pressure, resulting in damage to the optic nerve fibers.
Implant
– A spherical device placed in the eye socket to replace the orbital volume after removal of the eye or its contents. Normally made of acrylic plastic, silicone, or a bio-compatible material.
Inchemia
– The restriction or blockage of blood flow through a blood vessel.
Inferior
– Lower, as in inferior eyelid.
Iris
– Colored portion of the eye.
Limbus
– The colored ring between the iris and the sclera.
Macular Degeneration
– Loss of the photoreceptors in the macula region of the retina, resulting in decreased central vision.
Medial
– Towards the nose.
Microphthalmia
– Abnormally small eye.
Monocular Vision
– Seeing with only one eye.
Mucosa
– Mucous membranes.
Nasal
– Towards the nose.
N.E.B.O.
– National Examining Board of Ocularist.
Ocular Prosthesis
– An artificial eye made of acrylic plastic.
Ocularist
– Specialist in making of ocular prostheses.
Oculoplastic Surgery
– Subspecialty of opthalmology dealing with diseases and reconstructive aspects of the eyelids.
Opthalmologist
– An eye care professional that specializes in the diagnosis and medical treatment of eye diseases and disorders.
Phthisis Bulbi
– Shrinking of the eyeball following injury, infection, or disease.
Posterior
– Back surface.
Prosthetic Eye
– An artificial eye made of acrylic plastic.
Ptosis
– Drooping of upper eylid.
Pupil
– Black spot in the iris.
Retinal Detachment
– Usually caused by a retinal tear, which leads to decreased vision and sometimes blindness.
Sclera
– White portion of the eye surrounding the iris.
Scleral Shell
– A thin artificial eye that fits flush over a blind, malformed, or injured eye.
Stroma
– Main body color of the iris.
Sulcus
– Upper eyelid depression.
Superior
– Upper, as in upper eyelid.
Tarsus
– Plate-like framework within the upper and lower eyelids that provides stiffness and shape.
Temporal
– Towards the ear.